FCL (Full Container Load) – is an ocean shipping mode, in which the entire container is intended for one supplier and occupies a full container (regardless of size). FCL transportation can be filled directly at the supplier’s warehouse, and then sent to the container yard (container cargo station in the port). The container can be unloaded at the port of destination or the carrier can deliver to the recipient's warehouse.

The difference between container transportation and carriage in bulk

More than 80% of everything we eat, wear, and use is shipped by sea. Since the 1950s, container shipping has become very popular among shippers due to their standardization and efficiency. Container transportation allows for uninterrupted delivery of cargo from the consignor to the consignee, thereby reducing the volume of intermediate transshipment operations.

Advantages over other types of shipping

It is advantageous to use sea containers for transportation of goods for a number of reasons

The main drawback of containers is the need for their return. This refers to the return of empty containers that could not be occupied with return freight. On average, these returns account for 15% of the total number of containers transported by the ship. Obviously, this is an additional cost. But the cons are more than offset by the benefits.
  • Transportation of general cargoes

    For relatively large quantities of goods, it is more advantageous to use a certain number of containers than to transport cargo on board the vessel. Before the beginning of containerization, general cargoes were transported separately on board ships. Loading / unloading for general cargoes is more labor and time consuming . With coming of containers, the process of transporting this type of goods was strongly optimized.

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    Transportation of non-standard cargoes

    When transporting a consolidated cargo, you do not need to worry about returning the container after its delivery. Since along with your cargo in the container the goods of other shippers are transported, the return of the container becomes a problem of the container line. Senders of LCL need only worry about the cargo that is to be transported, and more about nothing.

    It should be noted that dangerous goods are never accepted for the transport of consolidated cargoes (falling under the IMO classification and having UN number - that is, flammable, combustible, explosive, radioactive, etc.)