FULL CONTAINER LOAD
FCL (Full Container Load) – is an ocean shipping mode, in which the entire container is intended for one supplier and occupies a full container (regardless of size). FCL transportation can be filled directly at the supplier’s warehouse, and then sent to the container yard (container cargo station in the port). The container can be unloaded at the port of destination or the carrier can deliver to the recipient's warehouse.
The difference between container transportation and carriage in bulk
More than 80% of everything we eat, wear, and use is shipped by sea. Since the 1950s, container shipping has become very popular among shippers due to their standardization and efficiency. Container transportation allows for uninterrupted delivery of cargo from the consignor to the consignee, thereby reducing the volume of intermediate transshipment operations.
Advantages over other types of shipping
It is advantageous to use sea containers for transportation of goods for a number of reasons
Goods are well stored
There is no need to overload the goods when changing the mode of transport
The goods will be once loaded into the container at the sender and unloaded at the recipient in the warehouse
The pace of loading and unloading is accelerating
Requires less packaging costs for the goods
As a result, delivery times are reducede
Transport documentation and forwarding operations have been simplified and unified
Simplified the process of delivery of goods to the recipient's warehouse
There are more opportunities for computerizing the management of the process of cargo delivery
The main drawback of containers is the need for their return. This refers to the return of empty containers that could not be occupied with return freight. On average, these returns account for 15% of the total number of containers transported by the ship. Obviously, this is an additional cost. But the cons are more than offset by the benefits.
Transportation of general cargoes
For relatively large quantities of goods, it is more advantageous to use a certain number of containers than to transport cargo on board the vessel. Before the beginning of containerization, general cargoes were transported separately on board ships. Loading / unloading for general cargoes is more labor and time consuming . With coming of containers, the process of transporting this type of goods was strongly optimized.
Transportation of non-standard cargoes
Temperature sensitive goods are transported in refrigerated containers. There are also specialized solutions for oversized, heavy, liquid, loose and other loads, and almost all of this - in standard sizes of 20 and 40-foot containers. Thus, container transportation is very relevant for trading companies, whose international business is built on regular shipments.