Freight, shipping and chartering glossary

Type
Meaning
カボタージュ
Navigation of a commercial cargo or passenger ship between seaports of the same state.
ケージ
(1)非常に貴重な品物を保管するための安全で密閉された場所、(2)フォークリフトのタインに固定することができ、人が倉庫の床のかなり上に保管されている在庫品に乗ることができるパレットサイズのプラットフォーム。
貨物
Goods that are transported by different types of vehicles.
カルネット
A document allowing special categories of goods to cross international borders without paying duties. This document is issued by customs.
Carriage & Insurance Paid To Incoterm (CIP)
Same as CPT but insurance is added for seller’s account on a definite part of the route. The shipping section covered by insurance can be any.
Carriage Paid To Incoterm (CPT)
The seller arranges the delivery to the indicated place and includes it in the goods price. As a rule, such a place is a terminal where an ocean carrier (shipping line) can accept cargo for further transportation.
運送業者
A person who, under a contract of carriage, performs or mediates in the delivery of goods using a vehicle.
運送業者の証明書と発行順
A document to advise customs of the shipment's details. This document confirms the owner or consignee of the cargo.
Carrier’s Lien
A freight carrier‘s right to hold on to cargo until they have received payment for transporting the goods.
カルタージュ
(1) Movement of goods locally (short distances). (2) Сharge for pick-up and delivery of goods.
カルテル
A group of countries producing the same product and having concluded an agreement between themselves to control the supply volume and price level of this product.
区画
Customs form permitting in-bond cargo to be moved from one location to another under Customs control, within the same Customs district.
Cash Against Documents (CAD)
Settlement form, in which the exporter receives payment after submission of shipping documents to the bank or the importer receives documents for the goods after payment.
前払い
The buyer pays the seller in advance the shipment of goods.
注文と現金
A method of payment for goods, in which something is sold on a cash with order basis, payment must be sent along with the order, before the goods are sent out, and the transaction becomes binding on both buyer and seller.
Certificate of Insurance (COI)
Issued by an insurance company or broker. The document confirms the existence of an insurance policy and summarizes the main aspects and conditions of the policy.
原産地証明書
Сertificate submitted by an exporter to those countries requiring it, listing goods to be imported and stating their place of origin. Used for customs and foreign exchange purposes.
流通チャネル
A network of agencies and other intermediaries that link the manufacturer and the end-user.
請求可能重量
Payment for the weight of the item. The chargeable weight may be the dimensional weight or, for container shipments, the gross weight of the shipment less the tare weight of the container.
チャーターパーティー
Contract by which the owner of a ship lets it to others for use in transporting cargo.
チャーター率
関税は特定の貿易のトン数をチャーターするために適用されました。
チャーター
A person or organization that rents a ship for the transportation of cargo or passengers from its owner.
Chassis Usage Fee
Fee charged by ocean carriers at certain U.S. ports for the use of their chassis.
クリアランス
すべての法的要件が満たされた後に出荷品が自由に国に輸入されることを述べている文書。
貨物を集める
Freight payable by the consignee at the port of destination.
コレクティブペーパー
出荷の支払いを受領する目的で購入者に提出されたすべての文書(商業送り状、船荷証券など)。
複合輸送
Transportation of goods by at least two different modes of transport; widely used in container shipping. When using it, transportation can be carried out by sea and further by rail and/or road according to one document. Combined Transport is also referred to in the USA as "Intermodal Transport" and in other parts of the world as "Multimodal Transport"
商業送り状
Document claiming payment for goods supplied under conditions agreed between seller and buyer.
商品
Products; commercial products and services.
商品コード
商品分類に関連する商品または商品グループを説明するコード。このコードは、運送業者の関税または規制の対象となる可能性があります。
隠されたダメージ
Freight that might have been damaged during transit, but, the damage/loss/shortage was not notated on the Proof of Delivery.
会議
貨物運賃を設定する目的で、船舶運航会社のグループが加わりました。
会議キャリア
「会議」として知られている協会のメンバーである海洋キャリア。この会議の目的は、輸送慣行を標準化し、運賃競争を排除し、特定の港間で定期的に予定されたサービスを提供することです。
Congestion Surcharge
This surcharge is dependent on unusual events, e.g. strikes, bad winter, major port fires.
荷受人
A natural or legal person to whom, at the direction of the shipper, the goods should be delivered at the destination.
委託
Freight sent under a single contract of carriage.
荷送人
A natural or legal person who delivered the goods for carriage and is indicated as the sender in the carriage document.
連結
Collection and storage of small consignments from several consignors for their subsequent transportation by one transport document.
Consolidation Fee
This is a fee for bringing together and packing several smaller shipments into the same container., applicable to ocean freight LCL and air freight.
連結ポイント
統合が行われる場所。
コンソリデータ
An agent groups the cargo of several customers for container transportation.
コンソリデータの船荷証券
A bill of lading issued by a consolidating freight forwarder to a shipper.
コンテナ
A single rigid, sealed, reusable metal box in which merchandise is shipped by vessel, truck, or rail.
コンテナシャーシ
Devices for transporting containers for ship or other operations.
Container Cleaning Fee
Registration of all formalities and operations necessary to obtain permission to unload the container from the vessel and to load it on board the vessel.
コンテナ保管庫
A storage area, other than a container yard, where shippers and consignees may pick up or drop off empty containers.
Container Freight Charge
The charge made for the packing or unpacking of cargo into or from ocean freight containers.
コンテナ貨物ステーション
A carrier-designated facility at which LCL cargo is received from consignors for consolidation and loading into containers or at which LCL cargo is unloaded from containers and delivered to consignees.
Container Fumigation (at Export)
Disinfection allowance (fumigation).
コンテナID
運送業者によってコンテナに割り当てられた識別子。
コンテナマニフェスト
コンテナーの内容とロード順序を示す文書。
コンテナターミナル
An area intended for storing goods in containers, usually delivered by road, rail, and sea, where containers are picked up, dropped off, maintained and housed.
コンテナ船
An oceangoing vessel designed specifically to easily handle the loading, stowage, and off-loading of ocean freight containers.
コンテナーヤード
A place for handling/storage of materials used for fully unified cargo in containers and/or empty containers.
コンテナ化
The practice or technique of using a boxlike device in which a number of packages are stored, protected, and handled as a single unit in transit.
禁制品
禁止されている貨物
Contract of Carriage
Contract on the legal obligations of the carrier and the client.
Cost and Insurance (CNI)
Same as the FCA, but insurance is added for the seller’s account on a definite part of the route. The shipping section covered by insurance can be any.
Cost Freight Incoterm (CFR)
Supplier has organized land delivery, completed port formalities, performed loading on ship’s board, and paid freight charges to the port (airport) of destination.
Cost Insurance Freight Incoterm (CIF)
The same as CFR, but insurance is added for the seller’s account on a definite part of the route. The shipping section covered by insurance can be any.
カウンタートレード
An umbrella term for several sorts of trade in which the seller is required to accept goods or other instruments or trade, in partial or whole payment for its products.
Countervailing Duties (CVD)
Special duties imposed on imports to offset the benefits of subsidies to producers or exporters in the exporting country.
キューブアウト
When a shipping container has been filled by volume but has not reached its maximum weight limit.
容積
The carrying capacity of a container according to measurement in cubic feet, cubic centimeters or cubic meters.
顧客
別の企業によって提供されるサービスを使用する企業。
顧客の注文
The document containing the calculation of the amount of security and confirming the introduction of security for customs payments in the form of a bank guarantee, pledge agreement or guarantee.
税関
A government agency providing the procedure for moving goods and vehicles, things, and other items across the customs border, levying customs payments.
Customs Bond
The bond protects the US government should an importer not pay any duties, penalties, etc. either while the goods are in CBP custody or after release.
税関貨物取扱人
A legal entity that has received a license to perform intermediary functions in the field of customs clearance of goods at the expense and on behalf of the represented person.
The procedure provided for by the customs legislation of the country related to the import/export of goods and vehicles. Customs clearance includes: a) customs clearance, b) payment of customs duties, c) all types of administrative actions related to the legalization of cargo.
Customs Duty (at Destination)
Duties on exports from China
Customs Duty (at Origin)
Duty on imports to the US may apply
Customs Entry
The document that provides US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) with details of your shipment, such as cost, classification, and origin.
関税請求書
Payment charged by customs when importing or exporting goods.
税関バリュー
The notional value of the goods used for customs duties.