What is Freight?

Jul 10, 2020 Tiffany Harper Tiffany Harper

As the international economy continues to grow, shipments keep increasing. Companies looking to expand globally need to make a decision about whether to grow their in-house shipping or to use a freight forwarding company. Entrepreneurs who decide to build a freight forwarding business organize freight shipments on behalf of clients. 

They offer a full range of services by cooperating with truck companies, shipping lines, etc. and help companies to optimize reliability, safety, cost, and speed. It is up to companies to decide which methods to choose that suit their budget and needs. 

What does freight mean?

Freight refers to goods of a larger size and weight than parcels that need transporting from one destination to another. They can be transported in trucks, on trains, on ships or in planes. The party that wants the goods shipped has to pay the party doing the shipping. 

Each way of transporting goods has its advantages and disadvantages. Companies have to compare costs, speed, and other factors when they make a decision. There is often a trade-off between speed and cost. 

For example, shipping by air is expensive but it means goods reach their destination speedily. Shipping by the ocean is the cheapest option but it may take some time for goods to reach their destination. If goods are light in weight, air transport is feasible whereas it may be too expensive for heavier goods. 

Ocean transport, on the other hand, is probably an affordable option for heavier goods but is probably not suitable if delivery is urgent. 

Different types of freight shipping

Below are brief descriptions of different freight shipping methods. 

Full truckload

Some pallet loads (24 to 26) are large enough to make the expense of using a whole truck reasonable. This method reduces handling so there is less chance of damage. Goods usually go directly from where they are picked up to the destination. This method works well for loads that require more space and helps to speed up the time of delivery. 

Partial truckload

A partial truckload (6 to 12) falls between a full and a less-than-truckload. It offers the opportunity to share shipping costs with other shippers and thus to save costs on smaller shipments. 


This method is for pallet loads (1 to 6) that are not large enough to make up a full load. LTT is a commonly used economical way to transport small loads, saving time and money. Transfer of inventory from one truck to another may happen on the route to the destination. 


This method combines various transportation modes and helps to rationalize shipping by lowering costs, decreasing fuel use, and increasing reliability. Encasing of shipments means no direct handling of goods is needed to transfer from one transport mode to another. 


This method is the most expensive as delivery is time-sensitive and it is important to meet a specific deadline. Supply chains often have to expedite delivery as they usually work with critical loads where time is of the essence. 

Full truckload freight shipping equipment 

Dry vans are often used to transport dry goods whereas flatbed equipment may be used to transport fragile goods or those that can be damaged by bad weather. Freight such as lumber or machinery is often shipped on flatbed trucks. 

A warehousing and 3PL services expert working as a content writer for Do my assignment, one of the top essay writing services, says that perishable shipping is needed to provide refrigeration to save the goods from getting spoiled. Goods like seafood, dairy produce, farm products, pharmaceuticals, and meat can be ruined at certain temperatures so good refrigeration shipping becomes necessary. 

Freight forwarding agencies 

Freight forwarding agencies help businesses to manage the shipping process and find the best rates. They handle all the logistics and regulations of international trade for businesses from booking cargo space to the tracking of goods and negotiating charges. 

There are certain hidden costs involved with transporting goods, such as insurance costs and finance charges, and when businesses work with freight forwarding agencies they have the experience to take all of these costs into consideration. 

SeaRates offers ways of upgrading your freight forwarding business. One of the best ways to do this is to focus on improving efficiency and communication. If you work with a freight forwarding network you have access to less costly global shipping routes and experience in international shipping. This can be very useful to avoid issues such as cargo delays in customs and much more. 

Preparation of freight shipments

Preparing freight for shipping involves choosing the right pallet or container. A pallet helps to keep goods together and they can be moved more easily. Pallets must be sturdy enough to take up the load and large enough to keep good from hanging which can cause damage. Each pallet must have visible, clear labels. 

Shipping rates

The shipping rates vary for different reasons, including the shipping method, the size and weight of the consignment, the handling factor, and the final point of delivery. 

Shipping method: This plays an important role in cost. Shipping by rail, for example, can be cost-effective and save time in countries where railroad systems are extensive, such as in the U.S. or Canada. 

Where goods come from and where they’re going: The longer the distance goods must go, the higher the rate will be. 

Weight and size: The heavier and larger the freight, the more expensive it will be. 

Special handling: Certain deliveries, such as hazardous, fragile, or perishable items, require special handling and this will cost more. 

A look at the future of the freight shipping industry

With the emphasis on client satisfaction, good organization and planning are critical. The freight industry is using technological advances to increase efficiency and improve profits. 

The Internet of Things

The lead technology custom essay service provider at Assignment writing service Australia (and from https://www.essaygeeks.co.uk), says that the Internet of Things has made it much easier to track shipments. In simple terms, it provides a way for inanimate objects to send useful information automatically. Top shipping companies are now able to provide tracking details to allow shippers to see in real-time what is happening to their goods.

Advanced Machine Learning 

The algorithms of machine learning mean that humans don’t have to try and analyze the data. Advanced machine learning analyzes data and helps companies to make business decisions by using patterns. Sophisticated reports help them to determine the most efficient methods to use. For example, it is becoming possible to detect what conditions cause problems, which routes are most productive, etc. 


Many tasks are possible to automate today to improve efficiency. For example, today it is possible to improve labeling by using automation. A system to print labels using all the right information about the point of final delivery and a pre-planned shipping route helps to eliminate human error and can reduce custom delays. 

Connected applications

The ability to reliably transmit data is essential in this business. Today, there are some very useful online tools and apps that are being used to communicate and transmit data in real-time. This is a different scenario from the past when formats and strict standards stood in the way. Now mobile apps can communicate with existing systems and capture the necessary data. 

Cloud-based solutions

Using mobile-based applications and services based on the cloud enables shipping companies to cater to businesses of all sizes. For instance, they will be able to do things like reposition empty containers straight away without a need to expand the IT infrastructure further. Instead, they can simply use pay-per-use cloud services. 

A final word

The freight shipping industry is rapidly evolving and the top names in the industry are focusing on upping the customer service as technological advances also take place at the same time. They are synchronizing with the times to satisfy increasing customer demands when it comes to information sharing. They want to know the status real-time on what is happening to their goods once they are packed and shipped to the time they finally arrive in the destination city.

Tiffany Harper is an experienced freelance writer who works with the some searches for essay writing service reviews and essay writing help as the field expert. Her recent search was about the paper writing service reviews and she’s also writing a book in self-motivation and career growth. During her leasure time, Tiffany volunteers at a local non-profit organisation that works on education programs.