How does the development of shipping technology affect water pollution?
Shipping has made the world a global platform. In the past, people from one continent stayed in the same area without having seen other places. They barely knew that another continent existed, let alone know how they looked. However, technology has developed at the fastest pace. Today people can not only fly to another place but can travel through ships as well.
Shipping has turned into an essential part of international trade. Any country that has proper access to sea and ocean generally tends to be more developed. A big reason for this is that shipping contributes highly to trade, migration, and economic growth. However, many disadvantages can come with this. One of the most controversial aspects is the stress it has posed on water pollution. While there are many negative ways by which it can contribute to the level of water pollution, there are newer technologies that have come with a positive effect on water pollution.
1. Ballast Free System
Ballast water is most likely to bring unwanted species from one territory to another, disrupting the balance in the ocean or water bodies and causing contamination. The introduction of a ballast-free system ensures the reduction of this problem. This system follows the guidelines from the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Ballast can also introduce invasive species in different parts of the ocean and into the land as well. You could also seek out essays on sustainability acts and plans to strengthen shipping protocols that control polluted water. The ballast-free system can save over $500,000 per ship in terms of economic costs.
2. Anti-Fouling Hull Paint
In the past, aquatic organisms have been intensely affected because of the paint on ships. These paint chemicals created an unfavorable environment for marine animals in the water. Newer technologies have introduced anti-fouling coloring. They have now started applying the accurate paint at the correct hull area that reduces the resistance of the ship that can save fuels as well. The speed of a ship can reduce marine growth to the hull, which does not disrupt the balance of the oceanic environment.
3. Garbage and waste management system
Most marine operators have started adopting the ideas and newer ways of putting waste and garbage management for proper stowage and segregation of scraps such as batteries, food, toilet wastes, metallic wastes, and more. By giving priorities to zero dumping policies, ships can now ensure less trash being thrown inside the ocean. A safe and systematic procedure of ecological management of waste can minimize cargo ship pollution.
Recycling in ships can be a great way to practice eco-friendly shipping. Owners and operators can prepare and implement a waste management plan for the sea. With the introduction of active recycling on land, newer technologies have started prioritizing recycling in the ocean as well. Some ways have included reusing paper, crushing materials like paper, metal, and more, old oil as lubricants, adaptation of marine biodegradable bags to dispose of food, and more. In addition to the restriction of some hazardous materials on the ship, recycling can effectively help create a better balance.
5. Reception Facilities
Most shipping technologies have now started working with IMO to ensure the provision of adequate reception facilities to ensure minimal water pollution. Some of these facilities include proper inspection of the ships, standardization of garbage segregation, attention to the technical aspect of a ship that might lead to an oil leak, and more. There are water pollutions essays online to understand such reception facilities as well. IMO has established guidelines to ensure a uniform practice of taking care of waste delivery systems in ships.
6. Avoiding Sensitive Areas
With the establishment of IMO, we now have proper information on the sensitive regions of the ocean. To not disrupt the balance in these regions, newer technologies have also started working with IMO to ensure that they have proper rerouting measures taken. It is being done effectively with technical advancement and training to the helmsman. Newer shipping technologies include thorough directional training for shipping as well.
7. Low-sulfur fuel
Many newer technologies today have started adopting the idea of fuels with low sulfur content. Low sulfur fuels reduce the cargo ship emissions of diesel combustion in water. While it is practically impossible to change the use of conventional fuels in ships, this reduction in Sulfur emission can reduce the possibility of corroding metals, killing of healthy marine bacteria, and carbon storage.
8. Slow travel
One would think that traveling fast can reduce the time of exposure of shipping on water pollution. However, large ships that travel at high velocities can burn 280-300 metric tons of sulfur fuel, whereas only 80-90 metric tons when at a lower speed. Modern technologies have started incorporating and adjusting time in their travel that can reverse or save the water from possible pollution levels.
In this way, with the establishment of many shipping rules and guidelines, newer technologies have highly prioritized the health of the water bodies on which they travel. You can find a number of essay topic on water pollution online that can direct you towards a more thorough understanding of how modern technologies are now working. Be it through advancement for waste management or system development, today newer shipping technologies have started making it a priority to either reverse or minimize the water pollution levels they cause.
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