Freight, shipping and chartering glossary

Type
Meaning
Безпечний запас
Reserve stock, below which the level of stocks for this product should not fall.
Матеріал порятунку
Невикористаний матеріал, що має ринкову вартість і може бути проданий.
Матеріал брухту
Defective material that has no market value and cannot be sold.
Screening charge
Surcharge related to airport terminal screening.
Морська накладна
Transport document used in shipping. The cargo is issued to a specific consignee specified in the sea waybill if he can document his identity, and at the same time, he doesn’t need to present his original copy of this waybill.
Security Filing
The importer or their agent is required to electronically submit information relating to the shipment. This term is used in the USA.
Відокремлювана вартість
Вартість, яку компанія може безпосередньо призначити певному сегменту бізнесу.
Обслуговування
The defined, regular pattern of calls made by a carrier in the pick-up and discharge of cargo.
Умови користування
A contract to optimize the flow of services provided by enterprises to consumers, rendered to each other by partners in the supply chain, as well as intra-company flows.
Агента судна
An authorized person (individual or firm) performing certain actions on behalf of another person (principal) on his behalf and in his interests.
Shipbroker
An intermediary that facilitates the execution of retail transactions between interested parties (customers) on their behalf and at their expense.
Нова відвантаження
A load of goods sent by sea, road, train, or air.
Точка відвантаження
Конкретне місце, звідки вилетить товари для переміщення.
Агент вантажовідправника
Фірма, яка перш за все збігається з невеликими відвантаженнями, особливо з однією вантажопідйомністю, дозволяє вантажовідправникам використовувати ставки з подвійними причепами.
Shipper’s Letter Of Instruction (SLI)
A note from the exporter to the freight forwarder with instructions on how a shipment is being sent and where it is going.
Shipping Quote
A document that breaks down the individual legs of a shipment and the surcharges each will incur, as per your freight quote.
Shipping Types
Different levels of service that you will use to fulfill your orders.
Спеціальний митний рахунок
In addition to a customs invoice, some countries require a special customs invoice designed to facilitate the clearance of goods and the assessment of customs duties in that country.
Пляжний вояж
A charter for a specific vessel to move a single cargo between indicated loading port(s) and discharge port(s) in the near future.
Стівідор
Specialized organizations and firms engaged in loading and unloading ships.
Storage
Cost of storing cargo in an off-site warehouse.
Складування
The placing of goods in the cargo areas of ships with the aim of leveling it or stuffing under-deck voids. It is usually used when loading bulk and break bulk cargo.
Stripping
Surcharge associated for breaking down a container.
Доплата
Додатковий плата за відповідні збори; автоперевізники мають паливну надбавку, а залізниці можуть застосовувати додаткову плату до будь-якої спільної ставки, яка не дає 110 відсотків змінної вартості.