Freight, shipping and chartering glossary

Zapasy bezpieczeństwa
Reserve stock, below which the level of stocks for this product should not fall.
Materiał do odzysku
Nieużywany materiał, który ma wartość rynkową i może być sprzedawany.
Zużyty materiał
Defective material that has no market value and cannot be sold.
Screening charge
Surcharge related to airport terminal screening.
Morski list przewozowy
Transport document used in shipping. The cargo is issued to a specific consignee specified in the sea waybill if he can document his identity, and at the same time, he doesn’t need to present his original copy of this waybill.
Security Filing
The importer or their agent is required to electronically submit information relating to the shipment. This term is used in the USA.
Koszt oddzielny
Koszt, który firma może bezpośrednio przypisać do danego segmentu działalności.
The defined, regular pattern of calls made by a carrier in the pick-up and discharge of cargo.
Umowa o świadczenie usług
A contract to optimize the flow of services provided by enterprises to consumers, rendered to each other by partners in the supply chain, as well as intra-company flows.
Agent statku
An authorized person (individual or firm) performing certain actions on behalf of another person (principal) on his behalf and in his interests.
An intermediary that facilitates the execution of retail transactions between interested parties (customers) on their behalf and at their expense.
A load of goods sent by sea, road, train, or air.
Punkt wysyłkowy
Określone miejsce, z którego towary będą wyruszać w podróż.
Agent spedytora
Firma, która przede wszystkim dopasowuje się do małych przesyłek, w szczególności przesyłek z pojedynczym ruchem, aby umożliwić nadawcom korzystanie z funkcji "piggyback" dla podwójnej naczepy.
Shipper’s Letter Of Instruction (SLI)
A note from the exporter to the freight forwarder with instructions on how a shipment is being sent and where it is going.
Shipping Quote
A document that breaks down the individual legs of a shipment and the surcharges each will incur, as per your freight quote.
Shipping Types
Different levels of service that you will use to fulfill your orders.
Specjalna faktura celna
In addition to a customs invoice, some countries require a special customs invoice designed to facilitate the clearance of goods and the assessment of customs duties in that country.
Spot Rejs
A charter for a specific vessel to move a single cargo between indicated loading port(s) and discharge port(s) in the near future.
Specialized organizations and firms engaged in loading and unloading ships.
Cost of storing cargo in an off-site warehouse.
The placing of goods in the cargo areas of ships with the aim of leveling it or stuffing under-deck voids. It is usually used when loading bulk and break bulk cargo.
Surcharge associated for breaking down a container.
Opłata dodatkowa do obowiązujących opłat; przewoźnicy samochodowi mają dopłatę paliwową, a kolej może zastosować dopłatę do każdej wspólnej stawki, która nie daje 110 procent kosztów zmiennych.