Freight, shipping and chartering glossary

Stock di sicurezza
Reserve stock, below which the level of stocks for this product should not fall.
Materiale di recupero
Materiale non utilizzato che ha un valore di mercato e può essere venduto.
Materiale di scarto
Defective material that has no market value and cannot be sold.
Screening charge
Surcharge related to airport terminal screening.
Lettera di Vie del Mare
Transport document used in shipping. The cargo is issued to a specific consignee specified in the sea waybill if he can document his identity, and at the same time, he doesn’t need to present his original copy of this waybill.
Security Filing
The importer or their agent is required to electronically submit information relating to the shipment. This term is used in the USA.
Costo separabile
Un costo che un'azienda può attribuire direttamente ad un particolare segmento di attività.
The defined, regular pattern of calls made by a carrier in the pick-up and discharge of cargo.
Contratto di servizio
A contract to optimize the flow of services provided by enterprises to consumers, rendered to each other by partners in the supply chain, as well as intra-company flows.
Agente marittimo
An authorized person (individual or firm) performing certain actions on behalf of another person (principal) on his behalf and in his interests.
An intermediary that facilitates the execution of retail transactions between interested parties (customers) on their behalf and at their expense.
A load of goods sent by sea, road, train, or air.
Punto di spedizione
Un luogo specifico da dove le merci partiranno per il movimento.
Agente del mittente
Un'azienda che si occupa principalmente di piccole spedizioni, in particolare di carichi su strada, per consentire agli spedizionieri di utilizzare tariffe su strada a doppio rimorchio.
Shipper’s Letter Of Instruction (SLI)
A note from the exporter to the freight forwarder with instructions on how a shipment is being sent and where it is going.
Shipping Quote
A document that breaks down the individual legs of a shipment and the surcharges each will incur, as per your freight quote.
Shipping Types
Different levels of service that you will use to fulfill your orders.
Fattura doganale speciale
In addition to a customs invoice, some countries require a special customs invoice designed to facilitate the clearance of goods and the assessment of customs duties in that country.
Viaggio Spot
A charter for a specific vessel to move a single cargo between indicated loading port(s) and discharge port(s) in the near future.
Specialized organizations and firms engaged in loading and unloading ships.
Cost of storing cargo in an off-site warehouse.
The placing of goods in the cargo areas of ships with the aim of leveling it or stuffing under-deck voids. It is usually used when loading bulk and break bulk cargo.
Surcharge associated for breaking down a container.
Un supplemento alle tariffe applicabili; i vettori automobilistici hanno un supplemento carburante e le ferrovie possono applicare un supplemento a qualsiasi tariffa congiunta che non produce il 110% del costo variabile.