Freight, shipping and chartering glossary

Type
Meaning
Stock de seguridad
Reserve stock, below which the level of stocks for this product should not fall.
Material de salvamento
Material no utilizado que tiene un valor de mercado y puede venderse.
Material de desecho
Defective material that has no market value and cannot be sold.
Screening charge
Surcharge related to airport terminal screening.
Sea Waybill
Transport document used in shipping. The cargo is issued to a specific consignee specified in the sea waybill if he can document his identity, and at the same time, he doesn’t need to present his original copy of this waybill.
Security Filing
The importer or their agent is required to electronically submit information relating to the shipment. This term is used in the USA.
Coste separable
Un coste que una empresa puede asignar directamente a un segmento concreto de la empresa.
Servicio
The defined, regular pattern of calls made by a carrier in the pick-up and discharge of cargo.
Contrato de servicio
A contract to optimize the flow of services provided by enterprises to consumers, rendered to each other by partners in the supply chain, as well as intra-company flows.
Agente marítimo
An authorized person (individual or firm) performing certain actions on behalf of another person (principal) on his behalf and in his interests.
Shipbroker
An intermediary that facilitates the execution of retail transactions between interested parties (customers) on their behalf and at their expense.
Envío
A load of goods sent by sea, road, train, or air.
Lugar de transporte
Un lugar específico desde donde saldrán las mercancías para su movimiento.
Agente del expedidor
Una empresa que se adapta principalmente a pequeños envíos, especialmente a cargas de un solo tráfico, para permitir a los cargadores utilizar tarifas de transporte en dos remolques.
Shipper’s Letter Of Instruction (SLI)
A note from the exporter to the freight forwarder with instructions on how a shipment is being sent and where it is going.
Shipping Quote
A document that breaks down the individual legs of a shipment and the surcharges each will incur, as per your freight quote.
Shipping Types
Different levels of service that you will use to fulfill your orders.
Factura Aduanera Especial
In addition to a customs invoice, some countries require a special customs invoice designed to facilitate the clearance of goods and the assessment of customs duties in that country.
Viaje al contado
A charter for a specific vessel to move a single cargo between indicated loading port(s) and discharge port(s) in the near future.
Estibador
Specialized organizations and firms engaged in loading and unloading ships.
Storage
Cost of storing cargo in an off-site warehouse.
Estiba
The placing of goods in the cargo areas of ships with the aim of leveling it or stuffing under-deck voids. It is usually used when loading bulk and break bulk cargo.
Stripping
Surcharge associated for breaking down a container.
Recargo
Un cargo adicional a los cargos aplicables; los transportistas tienen un recargo por combustible, y los ferrocarriles pueden aplicar un recargo a cualquier tarifa conjunta que no rinda el 110 por ciento del costo variable.